Sunday, May 24, 2020

Should Police Officers Who Lie Be Terminated As A Matter...

Running Head: SHOULD POLICE OFFIERS WHO LIE BE TERMINATED AS A MATTER OF PUBLIC POLICY Should Police Officers who lie be terminated as a matter of Public Policy LaKetha Southern CJUS 530 Liberty University Professor Jerry Wells 06/29/2015 SHOULD POLICE OFFICERS WHO LIE BE TERMINATED AS A MATTER OF PUBLIC POLICY With all the recent issues that are currently seeing on the news from the Travon Martin Case, Michael Brown in Ferguson, Corruption in Law Enforcement there really needs to be some policies put in place to address untruthful officers. Unfaithful Officers are a subject that has been in the news for many years and will continue to be. Being labeled as an untruthful officers is not a brand an officers would like to wear. The essay will discuss how important trust is when working in Law Enforcement, Termination or not of officers who are caught lying. Keywords: Lying, Officers, Should Police Officer who Lie be terminated as a matter of public policy. What is Public Policy? According to (Merriam-Webster 2015), Public Polices are the governing policies that cover citizens, and are policies that can allow the government to stop any action that is contrary to the public good. The American people look at individuals who work in law enforcement as individuals who are supposed to protect and hold up the constitutional rights of all individuals. The fourth Amendment clearly states that a person has â€Å"The right to be secure in their purses, houses, andShow MoreRelatedEthics : Ethics And Credibility1111 Words   |  5 Pageseveryday life and especially important in law enforcement as one little lie can change a person’s life or career in a minute. Ethical decisions such as to lie to avoid punishment, to save face or even to make their cases look better can lead to termination of their employment. As in Proverbs 11:3 (ESV) â€Å"The integrity of the upright guides them, but the crookedness of the treacherous destroys them†. One lie by a law enforcement officer can destroy them and not only that but it makes the department thatRead MoreThe Law Enforcement Code Of Ethics1221 Words   |  5 PagesPolice officers who lie should indeed by termina ted as a matter of public policy. This unprofessional behavior has a very damaging effect on the effective and efficient service of policing. The IACP Law Enforcement Code of Ethics, which governs the conduct of police officers, clearly emphasizes on the need for desisting from deceitful behavior and for officers engaging in actions that cultivate public trust and confidence from the citizens. As such, Integrity is an essential job requirement for anyRead MoreThe Case Of Brady V. Maryland1857 Words   |  8 Pagesto guilt or to punishment, irrespective of the good faith or bad faith of the prosecution† (Judge, 2015). Other cases that show where officers of the courts credibility is put into question can be found in United States v. Bagley where â€Å"also clarified that impeachment evidence must be disclosed to the defense† (Judge, 2015), this had to do with police informants who the defense could have impeached their testimony, and in the case of Kyles v. Whitley, 514 U.S. 419 (1995), â€Å"imposed upon the prosecutorRead MoreThe Importance Of A Law Enforcement Officer994 Words   |  4 Pagesprotecting the public, the job of a law enforcement officer consists of integrity, honesty and humility. Officers of the law are held to a higher standard than other individuals that hold public service positions. Therefore, there are policies and procedures in place that require more from them while they are performing their duties. Due to the high-level of integrity expected from law enforcement officers, truthfulness and a high standard of ethical behavior is required. However, some officers fall shortRead MoreEthical Issues Affecting Society Is Its Lack Of Ethics And Standards1234 Words   |  5 PagesOne of the major issues affecting society is its lack of ethics and standards. Ethical standards determine moral conduct. No matter where one looks, the erosion of ethics and basic moral principles of right and wrong have taken us to the point where t rust in our institutions and the very systems that make our society work are in imminent danger of oblivion. Ethical dilemmas are not clear choices between breaking the law and being law-abiding; they are at times complex moral mazes with no easyRead MorePolice Officer, The Chief Of Police2166 Words   |  9 PagesWhen it comes to police officer disciplinary actions, the lines becomes thin and more difficult to read between. It is not such a black and white situation and when it comes to properly disciplining a police officer it can become difficult to do so especially when that officer has either been on the force a long time so there is an established relationship, or the inappropriate act they committed happened just once and they claim it will never happen again. These types of things make it much harderRead MorePolice Subculture : Ethics And Ethics3966 Words   |  16 PagesPolice subculture undermines ethics and has a constant influence on officers’ decision-making p rocess, which ultimately leads to misconduct. Police, like most professions, have a secretive yet unique type subculture because the lifestyles of its members are significantly different. Law enforcement officers tend to befriend other officers or people with similar roles within the criminal justice system. Many times, friendships extend to firefighters and other civil service personnel to include militaryRead MorePoe V. Leonard11106 Words   |  45 Pages  The Filming of the Trooper Candidate Testing Videos At some time during the fall of 1992, several administrative officials of the Connecticut State Police (CSP) and the Connecticut Department of Administrative Services began to revise the testing procedures for trooper candidates at the CSP Training Academy (police academy). Captain  Leonard, who had just assumed command of the CSP Bureau of Selections and Training,[1]  supervised this ongoing project along with Dr. Martin Anderson (Dr. Anderson)Read MoreEffects and Implications of Coalition Governments on the Political Scnerio in India16277 Words   |  66 Pagesforeign policy decisions in a fairly unique institutional context, complicated by the politics of coalition government. Recent research suggests that this context is associated with foreign policy behaviors that are quite distinct in character from foreign policy made by single party cabinets. In particular, coalitions tend to engage in more extreme (both more peaceful and more aggressive) and more committed foreign poli cies. In this paper, we examine the reasons behind extreme foreign policy choicesRead MoreComplete Guide to Ethics Management: an Ethics Toolkit for Managers10784 Words   |  44 Pagesall. Also, far too many resources about business ethics contain sensationalistic stories about businesses gone bad or prolonged preaching to businesses to do the right thing. These resources often explore simplistic ethical questions, such as Should Jane steal from the company? The real world of leaders and managers is often much more complex than that. This guide is a straightforward and highly practical tool designed to help leaders and managers implement comprehensive ethics management systems

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Environmental Policy The State Of Michigan And The...

Environmental policy has always been an important topic in American politics. The landmark case between the state of Michigan and the Environmental Protection Agency arose the recurring question as to whether, and to what extent, agencies should account for the cost of engaging in environmental regulation and public health. This has not been the first time the Supreme Court has had to deal with such issue, in fact this has been the fifth time the court has had to intervene in a related matter. In this specific case of the state of Michigan and the Environmental Protection Agency, the Court ruled that cost considerations were very much required under certain provisions of the Environmental Protection Agency itself and sections of the Clean†¦show more content†¦Chevron, which guides judicial review of agency statutory interpretations, holds that courts must defer to reasonable agency constructions of ambiguous statutory language. These potential doctrinal developments could cr eate big problems for agencies tasked with improving public health and the environment. For starters, at a minimum, agencies pursuing ambitious agendas in these areas may be slowed down by the need to consider cost at each statutorily prescribed stage of the regulatory process; second, and more importantly, these agencies may be halted altogether by courts striking down regulations as arbitrary and capricious. Because agencies may see Michigan as requiring them to consider cost at each stage of multistage regulatory processes (processes in which agencies must make threshold decisions whether to regulate) followed later by setting standards those processes may take more time. Agencies may no longer assume, as EPA did in Michigan, that considering cost only at the standard-setting stage is sufficient to withstand attack in litigation. These additional cost calculations will inevitably demand time and resources, adding burden to already strapped agencies.Show MoreRelatedThe Chicago Bom bing Occurred During The Boston Marathon1504 Words   |  7 PagesThere was an immediate response from available agencies in the area which will be explained and analyzed later. First however, the planning for an event such as this bombing took place almost four months beforehand in January. A multi-disciplinary committee meets before the Marathon every year and it includes agents from state and local police, fire, EMS, public health, Massachusetts National Guard (MNG), and Massachusetts Emergency Management Agency (MEMA) (MEMA, 2014). The committee’s sole purposeRead MoreMercury And Air Toxics Standards1593 Words   |  7 Pagesattacks each year. These standards are achievable, and they comply with a law that has been out there for around 20 years. EPA worked with many stakeholders, including public, environmental, and health groups and industry. They received over 900,000 public comments that helped to inform the final standard. In the United States there are no national limits on the emissions of mercury and other toxics from power plants. These toxics can cause damage to the developing brains of children, making theirRead MoreFlint Water Crisis. In Today’S Society, Clean Water Is1666 Words   |  7 Pagesbecame the reality for many americans living in Flint, Michigan around August 2014. This problem arose shortly after the government switched the county’s water supply. Therefore, many believe that the government was the source of this major crisis. However, the government has also taken many actions, such as new regulations and procedures, in attempting to solving this crisis. The journalists for CNN discuss that residents in Flint, Michigan are exposed to contaminated water that is the cause ofRead MoreRegulation Of The United States Federal Government1827 Words   |  8 Pagesinfrastructure, rules, and regulations that they have to abide by while residing in society. It is not to say that these policies are a negative notion, but they do certainly shape your lifestyle, and your choices in many ways. By taking a look at regulation it is important to note that, our government has a huge role in the lives of its citizens it resides over. The United States Federal government has its exercise of sovereignty, in other-words, it has legal and accepted authority to regulate people’sRead MorePolychlorinated Biphenyls Essay1145 Words   |  5 Pagesrecommendations completely. On July 25, 2010 Enbridge Energys Alberta tar sands pipeline burst close Marshall, Michigan, spilling an expected 800,000 gallons of poisonous substantial unrefined petroleum into the Kalamazoo River. Enbridges Kalamazoo fiasco was North Americas most exceedingly bad and most costly inland oil spill catastrophe. The Enbridge pipeline that cracked in Michigan conveyed grimy tar sands oil from Ontario. That pipeline crossed northern Minnesota, and both the Mississippi andRead MoreThe Effects Of Drinking Water On The United States1912 Words   |  8 Pagesthe United States, one of the most developed countries in the world, we are experiencing multiple incidences of widespread public water contamination. In 2014, news stations across America were flooded with the devastating water crisis in Flint, Michigan and though this is the most recent occurrence, it is not an isolated incident. 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The Flint Water Interagency Coordinating Committee was also formed to work on long term solutions to the Flint Water crisis. Michigan Works employment agency also created 80 new positions for Flint residents to monitor water across the city/county, and hired nine additional nurses for community schools in Flint. This also lead to the creation of three new Child and Adolescent Health CentersRead MoreThe Importance of Green Technology1717 Words   |  7 Pagestechnology is being utilized as a response in order to preserve the world for generations to come. The knowledge that we have obtained along with the understanding that we are pursuing better technology, will eventually lead to a more environmental conscience society. Environmental or clean technologies are terms used when referring to green technology as well. These terms have been in the public arena for nearly a decade, but the use or thought of clean technology has been around for generations withoutRead MoreWater Pollution And The Worlds Worst Forms Of Pollution2564 Words   |  11 Pagesruptures, improper containers for chemical disposal, and failure to d ispose of chemicals in a timely manner. The spills that have taken place on the United States land and territorial waters since 1982† (Chemical Spills†248). This is one of the bigger water pollution problems, because a shortage of funds hampers clean-up efforts. â€Å"In 1975, the State of Virginia closed a 100 mile (160- km) stretch of the James River because an Allied Chemical plant had illegally released ketone into the waters† (Water

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Medical Tourism in South India Free Essays

MEDICAL TOURISM IN SOUTH INDIA – A SWOT PERSPECTIVE OF INDIAN MEDICINE SYSTEM J. Swaminathan AVCCE Health is wealth! (Ayurveda To Yoga) ABSTRACT The Indian Systems of Medicine include Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy is ancient and has the roots in traditional system of medical treatments in tune with the Mother Nature. Medical Tourism is the emerging industry next to the IT boom and India is the second best destination as of now. We will write a custom essay sample on Medical Tourism in South India or any similar topic only for you Order Now Especially the Indian Systems of Medicine, in South India can become the leader in medical Tourism Industry. This paper tries to appraise the facts and future possibilities based on a SWOT perspective. Introduction Without sound health we cannot achieve anything in our life, nor enjoy what ever we have. In service sector the concept of Medical Tourism is catching up at lightning speed across the world. The act of traveling to other countries for medical, surgical and other forms of healthcare along with recreation is called Medical Tourism. People from advanced countries, including the United States and Europe, see a benefit in traveling to developing third world countries, like India, Thailand, Philippines, South Africa, and etc. hile combining medical treatments with inexpensive vacation. According to a study conducted by the Confederation of Indian Industry and Mc Kinsey consultants (2004), 1,50,000 foreigners visited India for treatment, with the number rising by 15 percent a year. The number has increased to 2, 72,000 in 2007 and has crossed the 3 lakhs mark in 2008. ASSOCHAM has predi cted that this will grow by 22 to 25% in the coming years. Scope The main demand for medical tourism is generated from millions of Indians who live abroad, though a growing number of foreigners are also keen on speedy and in expensive treatment. They are influenced by two important facts: India now has many world-class private hospitals and the alternative medicines are available in abundance. Foreigners are visiting India for serious medical help as well as rejuvenation therapies and other specific purposes. Medical Tourism has been a popular concept in countries like Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore, Costa Rica, Hungary, India, Israel, Jordan, and Lithuania. South Africa specializes in medical Safaris-visit the country for a safari, with a stock over for plastic surgery. Due to liberalization of our economy and internalization of health care profession, India has entered the industry in only recent times. India’s corporate hospitals are fully equipped with up market and efficiency. The Indian Systems of Medicine also has become a valid reason for them especially in preventive cure and alternative medicines. Medical Tourism is poised to be the next Indian success story after Information Technology. According to recent study of ASSOCHAM, in 2008 the size of industry was estimated Rs 1500 crore and it would grow into Rs. 9500 crores by 2015 with an annual growth rate of 30 %. The Indian government has predicted that India’s $ 17 billion –a-year health care industry would grow by 13% in next four years. Indian Systems of Medicine (ISM) The Indian Systems of Medicine include Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy together characterized under the department of AYUSH in the union health and family welfare ministry. During the ninth plan, with an expenditure of more than Rs. 1,000 crore, a quantum jump in outlays on schemes for development and promotion of AYUSH system of medicine has been achieved during Tenth and Eleventh Plan. Indians are known for their hospitality and warmth. India has an incomparably rich heritage in ancient systems of medicine that make up a veritable treasure house of knowledge for both preventive and curative health care. Around 1000 BC when Indian Systems of Medicine (ISM) were fully documented in Charaka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita. Thus, ISM is considered to be one of the oldest organized systems of medicine for positive health and cure of human sickness. The most important and massive ancient compilation of the school of medicine is known as Charaka Samhita. It contains several chapters dealing at length with internal medicine. About six hundred drugs of plant, animal and mineral origin are described in it. But traditional medicine was ignored when western medical knowledge and procedures were introduced into the country. Once again the same has regained its limelight. Ayurveda : Ayurveda means the â€Å"science of life† in Sanskrit. It is one of oldest and the best documented among the ancient systems of medicine. From the Charaka Samhita (600 B. C) and the Susruta samhita. Yoga Naturopathy : Yoga is not really a system of medicine. Its objectives are self- realization and spiritual union with all –pervasive divine cosmic power. But certain intermediary practices and yogic attitudes have proved beneficial for reducing stress, preventing many lifestyle-related diseases, and promoting general health and well being. Naturopathy is based on the fundamental principles of airbed. The basic tenet of Naturopathy is to live according to the laws of nature: disease occurs due to the accumulation of toxins in the body, and to cure the ailment, the body is purified with the use of natural methods, dietary regulations and exercise. Unani : The Unani system originated in the fourth and fifth century BC in Greece under the patronage of Hippocrates (460BC-377)and Galen. The system is based on the humoural theory that good health depends on the balance of the four humours: blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile. Siddha : Siddha means a â€Å"master† thus the name denoted the mastery of such practices. The most famous of the siddha was Nagarjuna, whose rasatantra forms the basis of this system. The distinctive features of siddha are its reliance on minerals and metallic compounds, and its emphasis on rejuvenation therapies. Homeopathy : The term homeopathy comes from the Greek word ‘ homios’ means like and ‘pathos’ means suffering. Homeopathy works by looking at the symptoms, will take into account the individual’s mental, physical, emotional,and spiritual health before deciding the treatment. Homeopathy is based on the principles that ‘like cures like’. Current State of Affairs The American Medical Association (AMA) has conducted a cost comparison study of health care in different countries. The surgical procedures and the dental treatment procedures have a cost advantage – approximately 1/6th of the cost in USA. Also the waiting period for even a simple surgery is minimum 6 months and specialty treatments are 9-12 months in USA / UK which is almost instant in India. AMA has proved though there are many countries less expensive than USA, India is the least expensive compared to European and Asian countries. Table 1: Summary of Medical care, Medical Manpower facilities available under Indian Systems of Medicine Facilities |Ayurveda |Unani |Siddha |Yoga |Naturopathy |Homeopathy | | | | | | | | | |Total | |Hospitals |2398 |268 |231 |8 |18 |230 |3203 | |Beds |42963 |4489 |2401 |135 |722 |10851 |61561 | |Dispensaries |13914 |1010 |464 |71 |56 |5836 |21351 | |Registered |453661 |46558 |6381 |0 |888 |217850 |725338 | |Practitioners | | | | | | | | Source: Department of Ayush, —- Health Family welfare, Government of India. The Indian Systems of Medicine is given m ore importance in southern India. The state like Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and other states in India plays a key role in medical tourism. Kerala-The Pioneer State Kerala has pioneered health tourisim in India. Kerala has strongly focused on Ayurveda and its wide array of treatments and medications, good facilities are also available in other traditional forms of medicine as well as in modern medical treatment. Kerala is Capitalizing on its Rich Cultural Heritage and alternate Medical Therapies. Karnataka’s Foray The government of Karnataka has ambitious plans to make Karnataka the top health tourism destination not only in India but internationally. In fact, the government is setting up a Bangalore International Health City Corporation for provision of a wide variety health care products and treatments. Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu has multi speciality hospitals that offer the best medical treatment at surprisingly low rates. In the state various other forms of medicine, viz, Siddha, Ayurveda, Unani, Nature Therapy and Yoga are also practiced, which the foreigners are inclined to patronize. The Tourism Department is taking steps to promote the â€Å"illness to wellness† concept by developing tourism with health care. Andhra Pradesh The famous Nizamia General Hospital is the one of its kind probably in the whole world to use Unani system of medicine, since 1938 and treating almost 1500 outpatients every day. The state made rejuvenation theraphy , alternative medicine, yoga and traditional healing systems as its main tourist attraction. Maharastra’s Unlimited Potential This state, as a gateway to India, offers tremendous potential to develop medical tourism. The latest addition in Mumbai is the Asian Heart Institute at Bandra-Kurla complex, which offers state-of-the art facilities for all types of heart complications and even preventive cardiological treatment to avoid heart alignments and keep under control a host of heart problems. This institute in collaborating with the Cleveland Institute, U. S. A offers ‘Five Star’ services at reasonable prices. Medical Infrastructure In India, it is estimated that there are 15,000 hospitals, 8,75,000 hospital beds, 5,00,000 doctors, 7,37,000 Nurses, 170 medical colleges, 3, 50,000 retail chemist outlets. Around 18,000 new doctors are added every year. Almost 80,000 additional beds are still required. Given below is a SWOT Analysis of the Indian Systems of Medicine and Medical Tourism Industry in its current state: |STRENGTHS |WEAKNESS | |Quality Service at Affordable Cost |No strong government support / initiative to promote medical | |Vast supply of qualified doctors |tourism | |International Reputation of ospitals and Doctors |Low Coordination between the various players in the industry– | |Diversity of tourism destinations and Experiences |airline operators, hotels and hospitals | |Traditional and Ancient systems of Medicine |Customer Perception as an unhygienic country | | |No proper accreditation and regulation system for hospitals | | |Lack of uniform pricing policies across Hospitals | |OPPORTUN ITIES |THREATS | |Fast-paced life style increases demand for wellness tourism and |†¢ Strong competition from countries like Thailand, Malaysia and | |alternative cures. |Singapore. |Increased demand and Shortage of supply in National Health |†¢ Lack of international accreditation – a major inhibitor. | |Systems in countries like UK, Canada. |†¢ Overseas medical care not covered by insurance providers. | |Demand from countries with underdeveloped healthcare facilities. |†¢ Under – investment in health infrastructure. | |Demand for retirement homes for elderly people especially |†¢ Identifying a real and ideal practitioner is a major problem in| |Japanese. |India. | |Personal touch by the doctors in India. |†¢ Exploitation of tourists | |Traffic system is well developed and easy to go from one country | | |to another country. | |Medicines and labour cost is low as compared to developed | | |countries. | | Role of Government The role of Indian Government for success in medical tourism in Indian Systems of Medicines are †¢ To Regulate functioning of hospitals to build consumers’ trust. †¢ To encourage private investment and FDI in medical infrastructure and policymaking for improving medical tourism. †¢ To provide conducive fiscal policies – providing low interest rate loans, reducing import/excise duty for medical equipment. To Facilitate hassle free visa process and institute visa-on-arrival for patients. The government should 1. Build the ISM Brand Abroad based on – high quality service, value for money and destination diversity. 2. Promote Inter-Sectoral Coordination like aligning the activities of various players – Tourism Department, Transport Operators, Hotel Associations, Escorts personnel etc. 3. Information Dissemination using Technology about ISMI and enabling online transactions. 4. Standardization of Services like pricing, hygiene and quality standards. Role o f Private Sector 1. Increased participation in building infrastructure 2. Integrate Horizontally by providing end-to-end healthcare solutions to consumers. 3. Joint Ventures / Alliances: Tie ups with foreign institutions MEDICITIES – A self-sustained healthcare hub with super specialty hospitals of international standards, ancillary facilities, research institutions, health resort, rehabilitation centers and residential apartments may be floated through a public-private partnership. Conclusion : India’s growing economy and the world’s high cost medical treatments are the bright opportunities for promoting Medical Tourism. To gain an competitive advantage over other countries the government may use our unique, ancient and traditional Indian Systems of Medicine as a USP and can participate in developing the needed infrastructure facilities, creating network and connectivity with health, tourism and other related industries, tie-ups with other countries. The sky is open for ISM Medical Tourism. How to cite Medical Tourism in South India, Papers

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Strategic Resource Management Skills - Technology - Funding and Human R

Question: Discuss about the case study Strategic Resource Management for Skills, Technology, Funding and Human Resource. Answer: Introduction Strategic resource management is referred to the management of skills, technology, funding and human resource for achieving the prime goal of an organization. The key function of the strategic resource management is the effective planning, development and distribution of the organizational resources at the time of requirement. In a strategic way, it leads to a better utilization of resources, reduction of waste and getting high productivity. Strategic resource management also makes the organization smarter in spite of investing longer hours to get jobs done separately (Hitt et al. 2012). In this assignment, the focus is the strategic resource management analysis of ASO Savings Loans Plc. The human resource management, physical resource management, marketing management and the management of information system in the ASO Savings Loans Plc. would be discussed here. Therefore, the role of all important resources would be discussed here, which would have a significant contribution in th e organizational operations. The current vision of the bank is to be the Mortgage bank of Choice. On the other hand, the mission of the bank is to build mutually profitable relationships, anchored on a passion for excellence. Contribution of human resource management to the achievement of organizational objectives Human resource management occupies a wide area in a successful business. According to Dessler (2013) there are three key points in a business, i) achievement of business goals with ii) limited resources, while managing the efforts given by iii) workforce. In these three basics, workforce is the most challenging thing. In current business world, effective HRM is referred the effective utilization of a workforce in realizing the overall strategy and meet the corporate objectives. The analysis of the characteristics of human resource in ASO would help to identify its role in achieving organizational goals. ASO use variable payment scale for motivating staffs to meet their individual target. It helps the organization to meet their individual target. The payment scale for individual employee is decided at the end of appraisal period, which is done quarterly. The key performance indicators are measured in such a way that the human capital initiatives successfully support the corporate obje ctives of the bank. The organizational management reviews the human capital strategies periodically for ensuring continuous improvement and alignment with the business goals of the Bank. In strategic human resource management, reliable, capable and committed workforce is built (Mullins et al. 2012). The organization is commitment oriented in nature. The ASO commission and incentives are decided on the sale of funded properties of bank to customers and the staff recovery of bad loans. The organization also provides long service awards to the employees working more than 5 years with the company. All of these facilities help employees to be more committed towards organizational goals along with the development of a strong sense of responsibility and ownership towards the bank. Role of human resource management within an organization The HRM has significant role in shaping the performance of a business organization. The roe of HRM can be referred to a strategic partner along with dynamic and technological approaches, which helps to boost cost effectiveness and highest productivity. The important roles of HRM in the organization include recruitment and selection, career development, performance management, promotions, pay and compensation, tracking employees hours, career development and handling redundancy related issues (Hutt and Speh 2012). With the help of models, the HRM roes of ASO Plc. would be analyzed. The model provided by Karen Legge, two types of HR managers were identified; the conformist innovators seek to allow organizational goals for justifying their means of achieving, in contrast, deviant innovators initially propose different objectives and then seek for approval, as its contribution to the organizational success. On the other hand, Tyson and Fell model identified three types of HR practitioner s (Mondy and Mondy 2012). The contracts manager usually works for ensuring the implementation of traditional/fundamental HR policies, in spite of being oriented towards innovation. The clerk of works carries routine employee relation and others related functions. The final one is the architect; these kinds of HR practitioners align the HR policies with the corporate strategies. The HR head is very professional and solely contributes towards the achievement of organizational goals. ASO Savings Loans employs the role of Architect in the HRM practices. Process of Planning HRM requirement The organizational human resource is the management is planned based on the organizations business plan for that particular period. The requirements can include a need to open doors for recruitment, downsize, right size of reshuffling job functions through deployments. According to Werner et al. (2012) there are three basic phases in human resource planning, including identifying the required skills and other needs for the human resource, determining the availability of skilled staffs for meeting organizational goals and designing specific course for ensuring the availability of required number of staffs to meet organizational objectives. Recruitment and retention strategies used in the organization There are two types of recruitment. In the first one, organizations post vacancies on their websites and the HR department takes the responsibilities to pick qualified candidates. On the other hand, the ASO Savings uses the recruitment strategy of We find You. They find top achievers through the public websites. This is an efficient strategy, as it is less time consuming, more focused and maximizes quality (Buller and McEvoy 2012). For retaining the talented employees, ASO implements a number of retention strategies. They create career opportunities with good salary package, provide job rotation offers, expand training opportunities for the employees. They are implementing talent management programs, merit based promotions and convenient work environment for boosting performance. Employee development technique in the organization There are several techniques of employee development; these include managerial trainings, interpersonal skill training, mentoring program, employability trainings, seminars, technical trainings, leadership training, formal succession planning processes and job rotations. While assessing the employee development techniques in ASO critically, it has been revealed that the organization is using most of the techniques (Bratton and Gold 2012). Within these, ASO savings is investing mostly in technical training, job rotations, mentoring programs, leadership training and formal career mentoring. Contribution of human resource development techniques for ensuring employee engagement ASO Savings HRM department employs different techniques for ensuring employee engagement. Training programs set by the HRM department are one of the best ways to make employees feel valued in the organization, which enhance their retention in the organization along with enhanced engagement. On the other hand, ASO Savings implements feedback-collecting system through employee mentoring. It helps to understand employees needs for enhanced engagement and works as employees competence booster. The leadership development programs undertaken by the HR department also helps in enhancing employee engagement (Wilson and Gilligan 2012). It has been revealed that the ASO managers become more engaged and try to engage others with his new skills during leadership program. Effectiveness of HRM strategies in supporting organizational strategies It has revealed that HRM plays significant role in meeting organizational strategic objectives. It has been seen that in ASO Savings has three critical contributions in the organizational strategies. Firstly, HRM is responsible for building performance management capabilities, enhancing organizational change capabilities and connecting employee competencies with job requirement and career development. Secondly, HRM plays another role as business partner of ASO Savings (Lynch 2012). HRM is plays an effective role in ensuring the availability of competent and motivated staffs in the organization to support the organizational strategies. As a business partner, HRM also helps in improving the HR procedures for enhanced effectiveness of business decisions and culture. Thirdly, HRM plays the role of strategic partner for achieving organizational success. In ASO Savings, HRM has an effective role in formulating organizational strategies regarding employee recruitment, retention, training, m otivation, monitoring and competency building (Mooradian et al. 2012). Contribution of physical resource management to the achievement of organizational objectives According to Dess (2012) organizational success is greatly dependent on effective management of physical resource management. ASO has 25 office spaces, which are the sole property o the bank. All of these branches are located strategically at the areas having easy access to customers. The head quarter is located close to the Federal Mortgage Bank of Nigeria, which is responsible for overseeing the collection and distribution of the national housing fund. S the head quarter is located close to the statutory body, they can explore the proximate relationship with FMBN by updating the mortgage industry quickly (Morgan 2012). The other branches are located in such a way that it can attract and serve potential and long-term customers. To ensure continuous alignment with the strategic objectives, the Supply chain unit of ASO includes policy related to Branch standardization for maintenance of Office space and uniformity. ASO has paid attention on the inconsistent power supply in Nigeria and thus the management department has paid a lot on generating sets to power electricity in the office building, thereby ensuring 24 X 7 services without disturbance. On the other hand, ASO has 35 pool cars and 28 dispatch motorcycles for assisting marketers during client meeting (Asoplc.com 2016). In addition, the brand image of ASO is enhanced with the maintained physical presentation of the cars. To meet strategic organizational objectives, every member of the organization has to contribute their best. For this, a comfortable, motivating and pleasant environment is required. The physical presentation of the office premises and ambiance reflects the high maintenance of furniture and fittings in the place, which also impose a good impression upon customers. Security is a major issue in the case of a Bank. Thus, ASO has an outsourced security agency for providing safety of its office facilities. The security personnel are trained and provided with security gadgets for improving safety concern along with CCTV camera. Banks software is monitored with high technology IT software (Barney and Hesterly 2012). Role of Physical resource management in the organization Through the analysis of the level of Return on turnover or ROI, the role of physical resource management in the organization can be evaluated. In addition, the impact of physical resource management upon competitive value generation, customer value generation and value generation for stakeholders. In the case of ASO, through the effective management described in the previous section, the Bank is generating value for their business in the market. The organization is investing more for physical resource management (Andrews et al. 2012). The appraisal of Process in planning physical requirement In ASO, all plans for physical resources in the Bank are guided by the policies, budget and management approvals, backed with justifications. In the case of branch expansion, the process is related to strategic review, site location and analysis, CNB approval, legal delivery, site structure, hand over and site manpower. In ASO, every year a strategy session is held periodically, where the possible locations are proposed for branch expansion and discussed with the Branch Expansion Committee (Lasserre 2012). Then the identified location is visited and a report is submitted to the management committee. The RERM conducts a sales/rental value analysis of the selected location and the reports. Then, the identified locations have to be approved by CNB in writing. Then the legal department will be responsible for reviewing all the legal documents regarding the property. All the ASO branches have to be uniform in design, structure and service delivery. The next step is appointing skilled and efficient contractor for new construction works, which is done by the supply chain management team (Kuester 2012). Contribution of marketing activities to the achievement of organizational objectives According to the report of Park (2012) in Nigeria, the Mortgage industry is unstructured and has not been explored properly. However, ASO has been recorded to be in the first position in the Nigerian Mortgage industry. The company has more 25% control of market shares and industry assets. The strong market position and brand image is a major competitive advantage for the bank. Marketing operations are bringing creativity into the business through current market trends and helping in the future prediction. Through the marketing activities, the organization becomes able to sense the emerging opportunities in market, which could be explored by the Bank. Through the effective marketing activities, ASO can avoid tough competition by the competitors. These activities help to anticipate the steps taken by the competitors in the market. Most of the marketing activities are formulated for providing better service to the customers. Thus, the marketing activities of ASO include customer-centric procedures that help to attract more customers and retain potential customers with the exploration of market position and investments of the bank (Pitt and Koufopoulos 2012). On the other hand, different marketing activities are helping ASOs staffs to understand customers values and their specific needs, thereby driving employees commitment towards better customer service. It also provides a competitive edge to the organization Marketing activities promote the management system of the bank to make fact-based conclusions for improved efficiency. Role of marketing operations in the organization The role of marketing operations in ASO include: Integration Provision of competitive advantage Formulation of aggressive marketing plans, driving organizational strategic organization The objectives of ASOs marketing operation include, i) focusing on the customer, ii) monitoring the competition, iii) creating innovative ideas for attracting new customers and retaining potential customers and iv) setting and planning marketing strategy and execution method. The focus of marketing activities include customer analysis, competitor analysis and company analysis for developing market segmentation scheme, identifying the core competencies of the bank and to build competitor profiles. In addition, the marketing team employs the information from market research for developing marketing strategies that can maximize ASOs profit and revenues (Raimbault and Barr 2012). Finally, based on the marketing strategies formulated by the marketing team, integrated marketing plan is developed with the help of customer positioning and competitive information. However, for gaining success upon implementing the marketing plan, relevant marketing tactics should be used; these include advert ising, promotions and marketing through TV, radio. Process of market development in the organization In ASO, for developing business, attention is paid upon the following steps of market development process: Influencing increased demand from potential customer base Putting effective strategies in place and undertaking initiatives for retaining existing customers Developing integrating marketing plans with relevant tactics Setting bank wide marketing strategy Conducting customer segmentation All of the marketing procedures are supervised and monitored by the branch-marketing officer. Contribution of information system to the achievement of organizational objectives The information system in ASO has a wide contribution in the communication and connectivity processes, which the key to improve productivity, deliverables and turnaround time. In the current computerized world, the security of Banks valuable assets is solely dependent upon hardware, software and IT component. In this context, the IT assets represent a sizable monetary investment that needs protection (Shimizu 2012). If the IT assets of the bank are used in a wrong way, the chance of misallocation of banks valuable resources and violation of breaching legislation enhances. In the following ways, the information system contributes in ASOs objectives: Helps to address the strengths and weaknesses of the bank by helping in generation of revenue report, employee appraisal report, error rate report and other information that help in enhancing efficiency of business Helps to monitor business trends, customer behavior and specific needs, which are essential for a business to be competitive in market The information system provides valuable customer data; based on these feedback customer expectations could be met through improvement in organizational processes. Role of information systems in the organization The information system plays three major roles in ASO. The first one is, assisting in the organizational decision making process, by ensuring data security that are required for analysis and evaluations of the high quality strategic decisions. Secondly, being the prime source of sophisticated organizational information, it serves as the comprehensive database of information (Wheelen and Hunger 2012). Finally, it also helps in streamlining business processes. The information system helps employees to reduce their errors, eliminates unnecessary activities and enhances productivity by involving systematic processes. In addition, the employee security is also ensured by information system. Process of planning information system requirements in the organization In ASO, the information system development include analysis of the system, designing the system, programming the system, testing, conversion, production of the system and final maintenance (Wu 2012). The process requirements of Business process automation in ASO Savings are as follows. Objective- i) TAT reduction for cutting cost; ii) Easy access of information and promotion of information back up Risk and controls- One risk of this process is implementation error. Thus, vendors should complete their work carefully. The Key performance indicators include software functionality and user-friendly solutions. The process ownership is dedicated towards software architect or designer, software developer and quality assurance officer. The architect researches and understands the requirement of business process automation along with cost benefit analysis of the solution. The software developer develops software for accomplishing solution provided by the architect. They also develop training schedule for users to make them familiar with the solution (Best 2012). The quality assurance officer makes sure that the solution is suitable for meeting user requirement and the strategic business objectives. Conclusion Properly managed resources helps to reduce misuse, insufficiency or underutilization of resources. Systematic management helps to gain competitive advantage in market, while helping to meet customers needs properly. In assignment, an in-depth analysis of strategic resources used by the bank ASO Savings Loans Plc has been done. Through the analysis of the strategic resources, the analysis of competitive advantages has also been done in the assignment. In conclusion, it can be said that the organization is capable of employing sophisticated machineries and access cheaper funding resources for getting success in the competitive market. Through the critical evaluation of every resource, it has been reveled that the organization is using both tangible and intangible resources aligning with the organizational strategic objectives. Reference List Andrews, R., Boyne, D., Boyne, G., Law, J., Walker, P. and Walker, R., 2012.Strategic management and public service performance. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. Asoplc.com, 2016.ASO Savings Loans, PLC. [online] Asoplc.com. Available at: https://www.asoplc.com/ [Accessed 3 Aug. 2016]. Barney, J. and Hesterly, W., 2012.Strategic management and competitive advantage. Boston: Pearson. Best, R., 2012.Market-based management. Pearson Higher Ed. London. Bratton, J. and Gold, J., 2012.Human resource management: theory and practice. Palgrave Macmillan. Buller, P.F. and McEvoy, G.M., 2012. Strategy, human resource management and performance: Sharpening line of sight.Human resource management review,22(1), pp.43-56. Dess, G., 2012.Strategic management. New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwin. Dessler, G., 2013.Human resource management. Boston: Prentice Hall. Hitt, M.A., Ireland, R.D. and Hoskisson, R.E., 2012.Strategic management cases: competitiveness and globalization. Cengage Learning. Hutt, M.D. and Speh, T.W., 2012.Business marketing management: B2B. Cengage Learning. Kuester, S., 2012. MKT 301: Strategic marketing marketing in specific industry contexts.University of Mannheim,110. Lasserre, P., 2012.Global strategic management. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan. Lynch, R., 2012.Strategic management. Harlow, England: Pearson. Mondy, R. and Mondy, J., 2012.Human resource management. Boston: Prentice Hall. Mooradian, T.A., Matzler, K. and Ring, L.J., 2012.Strategic marketing. Pearson Prentice Hall. Morgan, N.A., 2012. Marketing and business performance.Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science,40(1), pp.102-119. Mullins, J., Walker, O.C. and Boyd Jr, H.W., 2012.Marketing management: A strategic decision-making approach. McGraw-Hill Higher Education. Park, J., 2012.Information technology convergence, secure and trust computing, and data management. Dordrecht: Springer. Pitt, M. and Koufopoulos, D., 2012.Essentials of strategic management. London: SAGE. Raimbault, C. and Barr, A., 2012.Emerging risks. Farnham, Surrey: Gower. Shimizu, K., 2012.The cores of strategic management. New York: Routledge. Werner, S., Schuler, R. and Jackson, S., 2012.Human resource management. Australia: South-Western Cengage Learning. Wheelen, T. and Hunger, J., 2012.Strategic management and business policy. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall. Wilson, R.M. and Gilligan, C., 2012.Strategic marketing management. Routledge. Wu, H.Y., 2012. Constructing a strategy map for banking institutions with key performance indicators of the balanced scorecard.Evaluation and Program Planning,35(3), pp.303-320.

Tuesday, March 31, 2020

The Electoral College1 Essay Example For Students

The Electoral College1 Essay When the Constitutional Convention gathered in 1784 they had the difficult task of determining how our government should be assembled and what systems we should use to elect them. They quickly decided congress should have the powers to pass laws and the people should elect these people to ensure they are following the will of the people. But who should elect the president? Congress was the initial choice of most of the framers, but then they realized they first dilemma; by having congress elect the president, he would be loyal only to congress and not the people. The second and most logically thought was to have the people elect the president. However, this too was a problem in the eyes of most of the framers. They felt that people were prone to being rash and emotional and therefore could not be trusted to make a wise decision. So then congress settled on the final choice, which was to be a compromise between the smaller and larger states, which would ensure that the president would be fairly and wisely selected and that smaller states would have the same power as larger states. This system is called the Electoral College. In the Electoral College, each state is granted one vote for every representative and one for every senator, thus ensuring that each state would be equally represented when electing the president. We will write a custom essay on The Electoral College1 specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now However, the same question arises every four years, are the ideals that were used to create the Electoral College system over 200 years ago still applicable today or have that outlived their intended purposes? In order to answer that we must first explore the purposes for setting up the Electoral College and then determine how relevant it is to today. The first purpose for setting up the Electoral College was to ensure that congress did not have too much power. When the system of government was finally decided on, our founding fathers understood the importance of the balance of power within the three branches of the government. They called this system checks and balances. This system was set up to ensure that the government would remain loyal to the people and loyal to their states (Hamilton). In The Federalist Papers, No. 68, Alexander Hamilton discusses the importance of having the president elected by the Electoral College. He said that in order to ensure that we do not end up with the same problems that America had with the monarch of England, it was important that the balance of power was spread throughout the government and that no one portion have too much power. Another reason Alexander Hamilton gave for not having congress elect the president was that the founders wanted to reassure states that they had not given up all t heir power to a federal government. In order to ratify the constitution, the framers knew that it would have to be approved in each of the thirteen states. They also knew that these states would be skeptical of a powerful central government that would have the ability to take away all their rights. So, they would have to make sure that each of these states was comfortable with the amount of power given to each branch of the central government. This point is also clearly evident today. During the election this year, the Republican Party ran on a platform that included the premise of a smaller government. This platform was in line with an MSNBC poll that was taken in July 2000, which asked this question, â€Å"Do you think it is important to limit the size of the federal government?† Over 72 percent of the 4,143 people surveyed said they believed that it is important to limit the size of the government. So even in the age of government programs which help support the citizens of this nation, people still understand the importance of keeping our government small. The second purpose for the Electoral College was to give smaller states the same rights and powers as the larger states. There are two primary reasons why the smaller states have the same, if not more, power than the larger states when it comes to electing the president. The first is, a presidential candidate must receive 270 Electoral votes in order to win th e presidency (Law). To do so that means that he would need to receive Electoral votes from a wide range of states and cannot limit himself to a certain region of the country. This means that some of the smaller states will receive the attention of presidential candidates. The second reasons smaller states have the same, or more power, as larger states is in how the Electoral votes are distributed (Law). If you take a state such as Alaska, with a population of 619,500, which has three Electoral votes, this means that they have one vote for every 206,500 in population. Compared to California, which has a population of 33,145,121, and 54 Electoral votes. That works out to be one Electoral vote for every 613,799 in population. That means that someone who votes in the state of Alaska has three times the voting power of someone who votes in California. This is what ensures that candidates for president do not ignore these smaller states. .ub4eb1b12b64af875d7fd4b5924a8dd38 , .ub4eb1b12b64af875d7fd4b5924a8dd38 .postImageUrl , .ub4eb1b12b64af875d7fd4b5924a8dd38 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ub4eb1b12b64af875d7fd4b5924a8dd38 , .ub4eb1b12b64af875d7fd4b5924a8dd38:hover , .ub4eb1b12b64af875d7fd4b5924a8dd38:visited , .ub4eb1b12b64af875d7fd4b5924a8dd38:active { border:0!important; } .ub4eb1b12b64af875d7fd4b5924a8dd38 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ub4eb1b12b64af875d7fd4b5924a8dd38 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ub4eb1b12b64af875d7fd4b5924a8dd38:active , .ub4eb1b12b64af875d7fd4b5924a8dd38:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ub4eb1b12b64af875d7fd4b5924a8dd38 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ub4eb1b12b64af875d7fd4b5924a8dd38 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ub4eb1b12b64af875d7fd4b5924a8dd38 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ub4eb1b12b64af875d7fd4b5924a8dd38 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ub4eb1b12b64af875d7fd4b5924a8dd38:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ub4eb1b12b64af875d7fd4b5924a8dd38 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ub4eb1b12b64af875d7fd4b5924a8dd38 .ub4eb1b12b64af875d7fd4b5924a8dd38-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ub4eb1b12b64af875d7fd4b5924a8dd38:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Typical Life EssayAnother way to see the effect of size is to look at the analogy of a coin toss. For a simple example, let’s assume that only two candidates are running, A versus B, and each vote is like a random coin toss, with a fifty percent chance of going either way. In your state of three, there’s a fifty percent chance that the other two votes will split, one for A and the other for B, and thus a 50 percent chance that your single vote will determine the election. Therefore candidates will give each of the three of you a lot of respect. As a nation gets larger, the citizens voting power shrinks. If you are part of a five-voter nation, the other four voters would have to split, two for A and two for B – for your vote to turn the election. The probability of that happening is 3 in 8, or 37.5 percent. As the nation’s size continues to go up, individual voting power continues to drop. This power of the smaller states was especially evident during this year’s election. For the first time in many years, the candidates knew that the election would be close. Because of this, presidential and vice-presidential candidates visited smaller states in record numbers. For example, Oregon, with its 7 Electoral votes had 17 visits from these candidates during this election. This more than tripled the number of visits during the 1996 presidential race and reinforced the importance of smaller states having the Electoral College. The third, and last purpose, for the Electoral College was that the framers did not trust the â€Å"mob.† (Natapoff). They believed that a large electorate could easily â€Å"fall prey to passions, rumors, and tumult.† Electors were supposed to consider each candidate’s merits more judiciously, not just blindly follow the popular will. Akhil Amar, a government professor at Yale University, argues that the Electoral College was set up 200 years ago because, â€Å"Common people may not have enough accurate information to make a wise decision and therefore needed someone to ensure the right choices would be made.†(Onion). James Madison, chief architect of the Electoral College, also wanted to protect each citizen against, â€Å"the most insidious tyranny that arises in democracies: the massed power of fellow citizens banded together in a dominant bloc. A well-designed democracy might include obstacles to thwart an overbearing majority and to prevent a candid ate from only wooing the largest bloc.† Madison further explained in the Federalist Papers (No. X), â€Å"a well-constructed Union must, above all else, break and control the violence of faction, especially the superior force of an overbearing majority. In any democracy, a majority’s power threatens minorities. It threatens their rights, their property, and sometimes their lives.†Unfortunately, this has been an ongoing problem since the constitution was written. Some examples of the masses making poor decisions that affect the lives of many can be seen in places like Nazi Germany, where the masses supported the Third Reich and there efforts to eliminate the Jews. This is still happening today in places like Yugoslavia, where the majority continues to elect Slavadon Malosivich even though he continues to kill the people of Bosnia and Croatia. To prevent these types of things from happening in a democracy, you must install safe guards against this and that is why t he framers decided to use the Electoral College system to protect the American people. However, there are some people who feel that the Electoral College has problems. The most widely talked about problem with the Electoral College is the rare occasion when someone can actually win the popular vote and loose in the Electoral College. Just such a scenario is beginning to play in this year’s election. It appears as though Al Gore has won the popular vote while it appears that George W. Bush will win the Electoral College. And this to some people seems very unfair and undemocratic. There are a few problems with this theory. The first is, in order to protect the American people against tyranny, this things may happen. Although, in the last 220+ years, only 5 times has the winner of the popular vote not been elected president. That’s a pretty good track record by any measurement. Second, even though Al Gore did win the popular vote, he knew well before the election that the only majority that mattered is in the Electoral College. The easiest way to explain thi s would be Natapoff’s explanation of the 1960 World Series. .u8afb0e974354175e04e4a26d9b3ab16f , .u8afb0e974354175e04e4a26d9b3ab16f .postImageUrl , .u8afb0e974354175e04e4a26d9b3ab16f .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u8afb0e974354175e04e4a26d9b3ab16f , .u8afb0e974354175e04e4a26d9b3ab16f:hover , .u8afb0e974354175e04e4a26d9b3ab16f:visited , .u8afb0e974354175e04e4a26d9b3ab16f:active { border:0!important; } .u8afb0e974354175e04e4a26d9b3ab16f .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u8afb0e974354175e04e4a26d9b3ab16f { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u8afb0e974354175e04e4a26d9b3ab16f:active , .u8afb0e974354175e04e4a26d9b3ab16f:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u8afb0e974354175e04e4a26d9b3ab16f .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u8afb0e974354175e04e4a26d9b3ab16f .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u8afb0e974354175e04e4a26d9b3ab16f .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u8afb0e974354175e04e4a26d9b3ab16f .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u8afb0e974354175e04e4a26d9b3ab16f:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u8afb0e974354175e04e4a26d9b3ab16f .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u8afb0e974354175e04e4a26d9b3ab16f .u8afb0e974354175e04e4a26d9b3ab16f-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u8afb0e974354175e04e4a26d9b3ab16f:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Ghosts EssayThe more that Natapoff looked into the nitty-gritty of real elections, the more parallels he found with another American institution that stirs up the same emotion, baseball’s World Series. In the World Series, for example, the team that gets the most runs overall is like the candidate who gets the most popular vote. But to become champion, that team must still win most of the games. In 1960, during a World Series as nail-bitingly close as that year’s presidential battle between Kennedy and Nixon, the New York Yankees, with the combination of Mantle, Marris, and Bill â€Å"Moose† Skowron, scored more than twice as many total runs as the Pit tsburgh Pirates, 55 to 27. Yet the Yankees lost the best of seven series four games to three. Even the Yankees fans conceded that the Pirates deserved to win in this hard fought battle. Runs must be grouped in a way that wins games, just as popular votes must be grouped in a way that wins states. The Yankees won three blowouts (16-3, 10-0, 12-0), but they couldn’t come up with the runs they needed in the other four games, which were close (Table A). In sports, we accept that a true champion should be more consistent than the 1960 Yankees. A champion should be able to win at least some of the tough, close contests by every means available – bunting, stealing, pitching, and dazzling play in the field – and not just hit home runs against third-rate pitchers. A presidential candidate worthy of office, by the same logic, should have a broad appeal across the whole nation, and not just play strongly on a singular issue to isolated blocs of voters. Therefore it can be argued that just because you get more votes, it does not mean that you are the best person for the job. Game1234567Total RunsTotal WinsPittsburgh Pirates63035010274New York Yankees4161022129553The Electoral College was created to ensure that Congress did not have too much power, to give the smaller states more power, and to protect the masses from tyranny. The system the framers of the Constitution formed is an institution that is even more effective today than it was over 200 years ago. My hope is that after reading this paper and evaluating the evidence, you will have gained a better understanding of the importance of the Electoral College and its effectiveness in today’s world. Bibliography:

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Drugs, Alcohol, Stimulants, Depressants and Theories Essay Example

Drugs, Alcohol, Stimulants, Depressants and Theories Essay Example Drugs, Alcohol, Stimulants, Depressants and Theories Paper Drugs, Alcohol, Stimulants, Depressants and Theories Paper Stimulants are those drugs that provisionally amplify attentiveness and consciousness. They typically have amplified side-effects with augmented efficiency, and the prevailing alternatives are consequently often drug remedies or prohibited drugs. Stimulant drugs boost the doings of neither the central nervous system, sensitive nervous system nor both. Several stimulants generate a feeling of exhilaration, particularly those stimulants that put forth influence on the central nervous system. Stimulant drugs are therapeutically used to boost or sustain attentiveness, to work against fatigue in circumstances where slumber is not convenient, to thwart irregular states that reduce attentiveness perception, to uphold weight loss and to augment legally the capability to contemplate in individuals with attentional disruptions for instance ADHD (CherlandFitzpatrick 1999, p811). Sporadically, stimulants are used to manage depression as well. Stimulant drugs are at times used to increase stamina and efficiency and to repress hunger, consequently also identified to promote eating abnormality like anorexia if ill-treated. The elation created by several stimulants makes recreational purposes, even though this is against the law within major authorities. Caffeine is found in tobacco as well as nicotine, which is also found in beverages such as soft drinks and coffee, are amid some of the most frequently used stimulant drugs. Recognized stimulants comprise amphetamines, ephedrine, cocaine, modafinil, methylphenidate and MDMA. A stimulant drug is usually referred in jargon as the ‘upper’. These drugs with considerable misuse potential are extremely cautiously controlled substances. Some are legally available merely by recommendation (mixed amphetamine salts, methamphetamine, Dexedrine, dexamphetamine, Adderall. Phenethylamine is a monoamine and alkaloid and it is understood to be a neurotransmitter or neuromodulator. Additionally it is the fundamental chemical composition behind the majority of stimulants, particularly the sympathomimetic amine. The term ‘downer’ talks about the whole class of drug recognized as Depressant Drugs. Depressants are chemical drugs which slow down, or hold back, the performance of brain as well as central nervous system. Though several downers are obtainable nowadays, all plunge to one of the two major classes: sedative-hypnotics and tranquilizers. Tranquilizers are drugs that basically anesthetize, or decrease emotional as well as physical tension. The Sedative-hypnotic drugs take things a further step and provoke sleep. A widespread term for the sedative-hypnotics is the sleeping pills. Generally, the temporary effects of depressants are comparable. Major effects take account of augmented muscular repose and reduced nervousness. During the practice, they reduce self-consciousness, slow spontaneous effects, and damage dexterity. Along the negative aspect, depressants have also a propensity for tedious judgment, decrease opinion, and hinder recollection, responsibilities at work, on the road, or further settings that require clear judgment as well as prompt reactions. To the extent that they are comparable, depressants are still different; predominantly in the system they attain their effects. Broadly used as a sleeping pill, the barbiturate (Seconal, Tuinal,) is as obtainable as legal drugs might be. The most accepted sleeping pill and non-barbiturate is Halcion but Halcion has a negative aspect for it abates quickly that several users have apprehension as the drugs outcomes weaken. Abnormal reactions regarding Halcion were reported including hallucinations, amnesia, and violent behavior. In its legal use, tranquilizers, as depressants, are used to lessen delusions, hallucinations, as well as the intensity of rigorous cognitive-affective illness like schizophrenia. Given that main tranquilizers do not generate effects that people experience as gratifying, they are infrequently mistreated. On the contrary, the minor tranquilizers are the big issues. What people are currently ‘into’ is a set of drugs medically known as anxiolytic (anxiety-reducing); major types consist of meprobamate, benzodiazepine (BZD), as well as the painkilling antihistamines. Addictive Drugs: Tobacco, Caffeine and Alcohol Tobacco is widely known as an addictive drug. In general, smoking a cigarette is the initial group-shared drug occurrence, or the first illegal drug occurrence, akin to the use of Marijuana as it’s frequently unseen and outside the family as well as common societal approval values. Smoking can assist drug use afterward through teaching how to acutely breathe in and hold the smoke within the lungs thus cigarettes or tobacco, as smoked drugs, instigate teens into the feeling of gasping a drug as well as desensitize to a sensation of smoke entering into the lungs used for hashish, marijuana, or crack cocaine. The extent of tobacco use is openly associated to several drug uses; decades ago, tobacco companies disclose that if they take away the nicotine addictive element, people will stop buying tobacco products. Caffeine is actually the most established drug and it is within teas, colas, coffees, chocolates, as well as other various things. Caffeine is thus an addictive drug for the reason that functions on our brain, by means of identical mechanisms as cocaine, amphetamines, as well as heroin to rouse our mind. Though it is considered milder than others, caffeine is maneuvering very similar channels therefore it is addictive. Caffeine is in fact the trimethylxanthine having the chemical formula of C8H10N402. When secluded in uncontaminated structure, caffeine is a colorless crystalline particle with pungent taste. Physicians make use of it as cardiac stimulants and as mild diuretics (augment urine production). However usual folks endure it for â€Å"boost of energy† or sensation of sharp attentiveness it provides; it is frequently used to make individuals to be awake longer. Perceptibly, what is occurs is that our body becomes exhausted and requires rest; however, it is fluffed up instead to action. Our body, constantly pushed to greater action when it needs to stop to relax, is slowly dented. Rather than recovering, the organs of our body increasingly deteriorate and ultimately, the weak ones turn out to be unhealthy. Naturally, Caffeine is found in numerous plants, counting cocoa nuts, coffee beans, and tea leaves. As a result of this, it is established in an extensive multiplicity of foods. Additionally, caffeine is included as well in beverages. As the body turns out to be exhausted, the adenosine is manufactured within the brain, and then it binds to the adenosine receptor; this generates sleepiness through slowing the nerve cell activities. Moreover, the adenosine in our brain causes blood vessels to enlarge consequently further oxygen can arrive at the brain throughout sleeping. For the reason that the existence of caffeine is 6 hours, by the instance we get into bed, we cannot be asleep or we will not get hold of a deep sleep we necessitate; if the last cup of coffee was taken at 3pm, thus by 9pm, we still have 100mg in our body. as a result we feel inferior the following morning and we call for caffeine to be up and doing. Alcohol is an exceedingly addictive drug and it is thus categorized as a depressant drug, for the reason that it will slow down our body as well as our mind. A different way to explain it is that alcohol causes sedation, relaxation, and if an adequate quantity is devoured, the consequence will possibly be coma or even death. Judgment and way of thinking are two of the very important personality transformations that take place. The concentration of which is actually dose-related. The momentum of alcohol absorption has an effect on the speed at which one turns out to be drunk. Different from foods, alcohol does not require being unhurriedly absorbed. It is absorbed instantaneously to out blood, directly having passed within and through the walls of our appetite and frequently in our small intestines and the blood speedily conveys it to our brain (Blum 1991, p15). As an individual drinks quicker than an alcohol can be eradicated, the drug mounts up in our body, ensuing in higher quantities of alcohol within our blood. Alcohol is also burned, metabolized, as well as broken down in our body at a rather steady rate; the time-span for alcohol metabolism have an effect on the pace when one happens to be temperate all over again. Drug Abuse: Theories of Anomie, Differential Association and Social Control Anomie Theory drug use along with mistreatment are societal incidents subject to the clarity and response of the society. There is insight within the disputes of sociologists that societal evils, counting drug addiction, are communally created. Robert Merton defined Anomie as a collapse within the cultural formation, predominantly occurring when there’s a severe disjunction connecting the cultural goals and norms as well as the publicly controlled capabilities of the members of a group to do something in agreement with them. The conduct of an addicted person is complicated from several perceptions; it causes a noticeable challenge to an individual eager to stop but powerless to end it. Addiction commences in consumption manners the notion of deviance and habit: consequently the growth of customs, at social and individual plane, with the cognitive system where they depend on should be considered. A person is not located in a vacuity but she/he acts within specific framework, with informal and formal regulations. Cognition takes place from the individual within this structure and awareness has an important function in the creation of genuine models of manners that may perhaps be rather dissimilar among people. Differential Association Edwin Sutherland proposed this theory explaining that by means of interaction with other people, human beings gain knowledge of the attitudes, values, strategies, as well as motives for illegal manners. This assumption claims that unlawful actions are learned manners and learned by way of social relations with other people. It socially grows for people to make an offense, thus to become addicted to drugs. Differential association envisages that a person will prefer to become addicted to drugs when the equilibrium of classifications for misdemeanor goes beyond those for the obedient. This propensity will be toughened if the social connection provides dynamic individuals in the person’s existence. The person, earlier in his/her life, comes under the pressure of those with high status in a group; the further expected the person to pursue in their path. This doesn’t refute that there may possibly be realistic reasons for misdeed. If an individual is starving but without money, there are persuasions to steal however, uses of ‘values’ as well as ‘needs’ are undecided. To a lesser or greater point, criminal and non-criminal people are provoked by the necessity for money as well as public gain. Social Control Theory Travis Hirschi puts forward that peoples beliefs, relations, values, commitments, and norms persuade them not to follow the laws. Consequently, if the ethical codes are realized and people are attached to, and comprise a chance in a wider society, they are willing to limit their tendency for making deviant deeds. The premise aims to comprehend the customs wherein it is probable to decrease the probability of illegal drug use developing in people. It doesn’t mull over motivational concerns, basically claiming that people may prefer to employ in an extensive variety of activities, except that the range is restricted by routes of social learning as well as socialization (Thombs 1994, p27). Furthermore, Hirschi stressed that immoral groups would have no undeviating effect on criminal behavior when communal bonds restraining misbehavior were considered. He disputed that correspondingly uncommitted youth flowed mutually into groups against the law for the reason that weak societal bonds failed to put off relationship with delinquents along with criminal behavior itself. Groups that reinforce bonds were family, constructive groups, spiritual institutions, school, and so forth. This bond has 4 elements (a) connection (parents, school, peers), (b) dedication to conservative actions, (c) participation in accepted activities and (d) conviction in ordinary values. Social Control Theory highlights the reasonableness in the choice whether to connect in crimes and claimed that individuals were less expected to prefer crime if they have strong social bonds. By means of not intentionally disciplined traits and delinquency or unlawful acts independently, it recommends that concepts on low discipline and tendency for illegal deeds are no different. References: Blum, K. (1991). Alcohol and the Addictive Brain: New Hope for Alcoholics from Biogenetic Research. New York: Free Press. pp. 12-15 Cherland, E. and Fitzpatrick, R. (1999). Psychotic side effects of Psychostimulants: A 5-year review. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 44, pp811-813. Thombs, D. L. (1994). Introduction to addictive behaviors. New York: The Guilford Press.

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Black in latin america Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Black in latin america - Essay Example The Haitians, on one side openly acknowledges their African heritage and respects it. This respect has led to their openly defending their being related to the Africans, a defence they have paid an agonizing price for. The Dominicans, on the other hand, is a multiracial society that tries to identify with the whites. They shun their African heritage and roots and openly embrace European identities mainly Hispanic. Being a multiracial, the Dominicans have always tried to push the African heritage to the background in the name of national identity. This has its origin in 1844 when the country became free from the Haitians, at this time, and anything associated with Haiti especially creole, statues and the African pride was considered low and inferior. It is also notable from the movie that there has emerged a new group in Dominica still identifying itself with their black ancestors. The situation in Haiti is exactly the opposite. They embrace their African heritage to the extent that even their heroes’ statues are almost all black. The music and arts in Haiti and even the culture and language have deep African roots, and the people are proud of their heritage. I terms of religion, the Haitians have besides the Roman Catholic, the voodoo, a religion that combines both catholic and African influences. Although in the same island, the two countries are depicted in the movie as having differ ing attitudes towards their common African